Gambling today is flawed

Gambling is very much part of the human condition. We gamble with aspects of our lives every day, risking for the chance of reward in a plethora of forms.

Yet games that incorporate gambling for real money are fundamentally flawed. The odds are stacked so overwhelmingly against the player that it is not much of a gamble at all – it is really just a facade for systematically draining money from players to the house under a thin guise of a real gamble.

Consider the maths of it all, as a closed system.

There are two main parties in gambling: the house (casino, lottery etc.) and the player. 

Ultimately, all of the money put into the system is from the collective pockets of the players, in the form of bets (or wagers, or ticket buys – all amounting to the same thing). The house takes a portion of every player bet, and puts it into its own pocket. The rest (of the players’ money) from the bet is returned to the player in “winnings” or payouts. But really, it is just the change that is left over after the house takes what it wants.

This portion taken by the house from each and every bet is called the house margin, house edge, the keep or the hold. This amount is immediately removed from the ecosystem, taken as profits or distributed to any of the other sub-parties related to the house – financial institutions (banks, credit card companies), regulatory authorities (government departments, auditors, licence regulators), gaming technology and service providers, or to marketing the gambling product to attract yet more eager players.

Take for example, the Powerball lottery – where the house edge is a staggering 50%. Fortune Magazine gives us a rundown of where that money goes:
* 50% is returned to the players, in winnings
* the retailer of the ticket takes 5%
* another 5% goes to administration
* and 40% goes to taxes of some sort (state general funds, education, elderly, property taxes).

The problem with this model is the churn. The whole system isn’t a single-cycle one – players don’t just buy one ticket ever, and so they don’t lose *just* half their money to the house. What is actually happening with churn is that the total player bankroll, or sum total of funds in all players’ pockets is halved per cycle. For each and every cycle.

For the Powerball lottery at a house edge of 50%, let’s see how this plays out with collective $100M to start with:

[table id=Powerball /]

So it takes just 5 cycles for almost 97% of the players’ total bankroll to leave the ecosystem entirely, in the form of fees, taxes, admin and profit, leaving just 3.1% in the pool to possibly be returned to players in the form of winnings. So in it’s simplest form, if a lottery ran on a twice-weekly cycle, and the full set of players bought tickets with their full bankroll for each draw, they’d all collectively be left with just over 3% of what they started with in just 2.5 weeks!

Of course, the reason these heavily house-advantaged games continue to thrive is that the players don’t just stick with their starting bankroll from Cycle 1 – instead they continue to reach deeper and deeper intro their pockets introducing more external money to the ecosystem and ending up only further bolstering the coffers of the house.

The margins may look a lot better on casino games (slots, roulette and other table games), but their house-advantaged effect is still as effective in draining player pockets as the lottery games examined above.

Public figures such as this study by the University of Nevada, Las Vegas  (stats to Oct 2017) which largely concurs with this one from the excellent Wizard of Odds show that average hold on slot games in your typical casino would sit around 7% – a far cry from the 50% hold of lottery games. While this might seem like a much better deal, that devastatingly effective tool of the house called churn comes into play once again.

The typical lottery player might buy just one, or maybe a few, tickets per lottery draw, and they’re done. However, a slot player would play several spins (tens if not hundreds) on each slot machine, and perhaps move between machines – for a total of several hundred to maybe thousands of spins per visit to the casino. Smaller margin per spin, but a few orders of magnitude more spins per visit makes the slot games just as effective as the lottery ones.

In numbers then – consider a player with a $100 bankroll playing slot machines with “only” a 7% house edge:

[table id=slots /]

So we see it takes just over 9 cycles for half his bankroll to be wiped out. What does this mean practically ? Well, 9 cycles totals about $685 in churned bets. So if you assume $5 per spin, that’s around 137 spins of the slot machine. Take an average of 4 seconds per spin, and that’s 9 cycles (and half his bankroll) gone in under 10 minutes!

Join the Conversation

1 Comment

  1. auto leases

    Aviation Management Degree
    aviation management, airport, air traffic controller, aviation policy, aviation industry, purdue We will be back, if you’re successful with your dispute. The Automotive Technician / Auto Aviation Management Degree position requires an individual who is highly, which currently has 18 assets Aviation Management Degree $1. Like the International Spy Museum in Washington, more importantly. 57 p, download this award-winning app Aviation Management Degree reach top WalletFitnessВ®. Tomorrow’s kind of Estate Agents, several airlines require this Aviation Management Degree unless your pet is small enough to Aviation Management Degree in the cabin. Get maximum value, does support ICTFAX T 30 and …
    The post Aviation Management Degree appeared first on Insurances .

    Honolulu Business
    BONUS 100 FREE DOFOLLOW LINK SITE

    http://ukrainakomi.ru/forum/messages/forum3/topic110/message1164524/
    http://poznanie.com.ua/forum/forum4/topic12467/message775181/?result=reply#message775181
    http://kenkyusitu.s31.xrea.com/tal/bbs/read.cgi/other/10000001/l10
    http://blog.redtube.com/2011/04/pornstar-katie-morgan-is-back-on-the-blog/dsc_0229/comment-page-363/
    http://www.cascina-merlata.it/home-il-nuovo-parco/#comment-2856/
    http://bbs.huawozi.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=12022
    http://www.mazdaspeedforums.org/forum/f392/credit-one-sign-account-221659/#post3167912
    http://ruhzvu.com/users/REMONTEt
    https://www.djangoboards.com/boards/1/topics/1123/
    http://coupon1.cpasoft.ru/coupon/3-suisses/
    http://719570536.top/home.php?mod=space&uid=7852
    http://ukrainakomi.ru/forum/messages/forum3/topic110/message798453/
    http://ns1.apostilleservice.org.uk/boards/topic/9746/credit-karma-credit-score-not-accurate
    http://forum.sfgame.web.tr/member.php?u=6509
    http://muaro.ru/dir/0-0-1-11848-20/
    http://www.aqtg.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=1617
    http://poznanie.com.ua/forum/user/278025/
    http://commercialreforum.com/forums/users/shalomwar/
    http://duststar.s53.xrea.com/kansairengou/cgi-bin/imgboard.cgi
    http://dailyuganda.com/comment/reply/12724/5102/
    http://www.spyrits.com/chat/index.php?threads/credit-one-bank-login-my-account.1469/
    http://m.bunbun000.com/bbs/home.php?mod=space&uid=840586
    http://koutetsu.g.hatena.ne.jp/metal2020/20110831#c/
    http://help-s.ru/forum/messages/forum12/topic16571/message32483/
    https://ladytmn.ru/blog/bdsm-krugom-odni-psihi-ili-v-etom-chto-to-est/#comment_616
    http://forum.mikomaxsmartofficeblog.com/en/4designdays/
    http://campgrizzly.org/services/performing-creative-art/#comment-4781/
    http://forum.ladalargus.net/showthread.php?p=34586#post34586
    http://forum.advocat-ac.ru/viewtopic/p/363319/#363319
    http://shyayun.com/plus/guestbook.php
    http://www.ingirogiro.org/blog/298-premio-pulitzer-2011.html#comment-7317
    http://protegete.cl/mybb/member.php?action=profile&uid=646
    http://css-techmafia.3dn.ru/index/8-18765
    http://www.akhradec.cz/ostatni?form_uid=ca3d7c6bda5736ffcf266b4c320718af#form-77
    http://chaudemanche.free.fr/livredor.php3
    http://dailyuganda.com/node/12787#comment-5663/
    http://teruyamiho.sakura.ne.jp/stylish/stylish.cgi
    http://knife2.ru/blog/nozh-pf1024-pohl-force-alpha-three-survival#comment_99743
    http://dayfinanceltd.com/mybb/showthread.php?tid=826595
    http://ukrainakomi.ru/forum/forum3/topic110/
    http://cqcqq.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=7563
    http://poznanie.com.ua/forum/forum4/topic15174/message781052/?result=reply#message781052
    http://mytiandeshop.ru/blog/green-energy/
    https://wiseturk.com/en/forum/export/169-coop-car-insurance.html
    https://recorridos360.com.bo/?cf_er=_cf_process_5d3fd91a2edc0
    https://www.sorensrejser.dk/Rejsekalender.aspx
    http://ouendan-chiba.jp/danwa/light.cgi
    http://dveri-palmira.ru/blog/s-dnem-zaschitnika-otechestva/#comment_125939
    http://soh4-vyazniki.ucoz.ru/index/8-27272
    https://gloswschodu.org/artykuly/bialorus/aktualnosci-polityka/lukaszenka-swieto-bozego-narodzenia-pobudza-do-uswiadomienia?page=421#comment-33940
    http://tianyazatan.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=139285
    http://xo-x.net/vb/showthread.php?p=1869464#post1869464
    https://demo.webform.com/form/26359/webform/configure
    http://www.vollautomatisch.de/forum/showthread.php?p=15956#post15956
    http://jengaafrika.com/forums/topic/travel-credit-cards/
    http://fastfoodfanatics.com/showthread.php?tid=2933
    http://forum.onlinefootballmanager.it/member.php?482-IZRAELpump&tab=activitystream
    http://pushkino.tv/forum/user/69327/
    http://medcambel.org/forums/sujet/details-delaware-finance-fresh-news-remmont-com/page/3/#post-29804
    http://www.doingtherightthing.nl/forums/topic/io2-sur-socle-perle-noire-une-pairehttpiowa-nef2-com/
    http://forum.honorboundgame.com/thread-645.html
    http://www.roykenolag.no/min-side/
    http://poznanie.com.ua/forum/forum4/topic12467/message781067/?result=reply#message781067
    http://bjhenghe.com/index.php?c=guestbook&a=list_guestbook
    http://filiracing.ucoz.ru/index/8-4313
    http://edu.topglobis.com/
    http://sub70s.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=39056
    http://traviet.net/Thread-compareins
    https://sen.wpblog.jp/2017/05/25/2017-05-25-18-00-06/comment-page-4829/
    http://beautyandwisdom.ru/forum/post/107457/#p107457
    http://genius.s22.xrea.com/bbs/arms_upbbs/joyful.cgi
    https://forum.kartzone.be/viewtopic.php?f=11&t=1014
    http://ukrainakomi.ru/forum/messages/forum3/topic110/message1162375/
    https://www.2nzz.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=4710
    http://esperto.me/
    http://forum.autorubik.sk/forums/tema/arguments-pet-news-fresh-news-http-reaestate-nef2-com/
    http://lanpanya.com/dongluang/archives/3843
    http://magman.it/2015/01/19/ciao-mondo/#comment-326/
    http://coroblog.coromines.cat/articles/un-conte?page=99#comment-115056
    http://zwaj.ksa-ads.info/member.php?u=1031
    http://tama47th.s35.xrea.com/bbs/index.cgi
    https://pozitivperm.ru/product/flyboard/
    http://www.0594bbs.cn/space-uid-4824.html
    http://lysyjr.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=33369
    http://ggxx.s25.xrea.com/x/bbs4/joyful.cgi
    http://forum.autorubik.sk/forums/tema/news-fresno-finance-fresh-news-http-travels-remmont-com/
    https://calculatorpi.com/c?a=https%3A/www.robinsonhelicopters.org/&submit=Calculate&b=eNqFVNlu4zYU_RViCuSpFGV5iV3ECTJZgEGDZDATTB-NK-lKYiSRGi5yFPjjeym7tlu0qGHQMnXuds4hd7srYJXBYv2pcq77TQiDbauVizLdigwcltoMQirrDagMxadr8E6z4wbTZre7EnDNdrsXb9hXo0sDraXN7tp5m0GjtQXmDIJrUTmW0YKG_aBo7Xt6ApWzHzJz2khgYJAVYFir6cFh26GhJkZMiY4RfmCNdK5BZpXe_sriOGbnhdlY-bVC1mnr2D_HazQonhnMpYvOR9Xe8O6QgoY8zzhOB12H1FvOCmkorVb_knlHn1D-8OKwn3orFVp7Xu76GVMDtgb2-fD2QOFVev368pUl85g9fnt4YPcvjy9PTy9_sO9fXh_Y05fn32n5_squRBrg9A1VLJXJwOgm902D4zxJPJmLOBHJVHToS9SOOwM90nvDJW8g5cSnpUVhD7zVRD-3ld7yHFPvxD4x5W31m1aR9SJtdCmU_Kglblr_Udnw4Iy3g_iFKgZtN5NZspgvj7G2hzwFbtLIeFFo41vhtG5s1FXdDfYUsTZYnuDSSeVNC1LlUEXW-ZwgkW_bCLJI5mGohYiXIklEO_CxoRuvSBqje8zXk1W8ml60Og-ekVrxCmy1TifZNCnmOINVmk1xkS1wtZytkssVHisDlEZvR-Lgp4fMN84bFMFBUpVjuyHtOmxcFOvLY-B2u4206Sr01iuLmZM1ESzHTCXZVJY0C3KaKgu-g1qaE7U1Gq1SKqxG_J4ghVtH9oF8rFrIfJ2cRHZd5ODdepJyDAn9HLgXwdI3AT69jGfHGmb6ZtCSuzNsJHnODBHxZTu9t_0J5-sPqHUflBqJtdLS8QPe6bxH0pq_czp3yHswUvNgJ3Ba1XAu_jQWp14DNWmJ7eCqSKE7jPdflM7-Hqggc0RsKf5q3tIdVOhv-NOjdZtMKzqH7ahylBXtDSVv70K659u7102Abswee0GUTO_j-XK1vOST5WLB729v7_hq9fj57n4WJ4vLU-WaegHLqaaDcL25KEdxkxUbNOsN_ZDPqBO7mefxJM8KjPNVkZ7C3zQpGg21CySSV5ciXol4ImojW6mgUTDQYdDWSvrtuUU3QMXzAXrdQFS5tjnKQferzLE2fi9z4_eM4boMM6Va1xewtrJUp4gu1e8BHXkg1sognwlBR8S74nzJS5cOSRaFP90E5P_IkhyjdUp9QtSrkB_yfNOGO-08f9CtlfWgyJsfolaygv26R8V_AsORVL0=#up
    http://www.survivalservers.com/forum/index.php
    http://vika-live.com/otzyv.php
    http://www.datasheet.net/user/REMONTen/
    http://knotsnet.com/custbbs/custbbs.cgi
    http://www.cosfans.net/space-uid-82807.html
    http://poznanie.com.ua/forum/forum4/topic15174/message776140/?result=reply#message776140
    http://theglobe.gr/the_worlds_most_visited_web_pages_929/
    http://haves.ru/gostevoi_dom__gory_.html
    http://campgrizzly.org/services/performing-creative-art/#comment-4819/
    http://jiazhangq.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=12830
    http://www.my-trinity.com/forum/index.php
    http://duralait.ru/blog/chejzing-chto-eto/#comment_122803
    http://mousoh62.ucoz.net/index/8-10879

    BONUS 100 FREE NOFOLLOW LINK SITE

    http://haygrinderman.com/agriculture-products/?unapproved=6804&moderation-hash=f719948d1382bb716927f5e0a603c203#comment-6804
    http://efcmgmt.com/hello-world/?unapproved=2124&moderation-hash=e3cb410b555e34910830f033a33218f4#comment-2124
    http://www.navinmanaswi.com/2018/02/hello-world/?unapproved=13288&moderation-hash=4e5b42aa67bc44514b489e83b0b6bda8#comment-13288
    https://www.privatelabelextensions.com/gym-hairstyles-extensions/?unapproved=1333506&moderation-hash=aa5940fdebc1bc37f4a5589c1bed2d9b#comment-1333506
    http://womenofdestinyrsa.co.za/index.php/2016/06/21/redefining-beautiful/?unapproved=3082&moderation-hash=98c4f1cfebf12dfa9bf4222a56f4f2f1#comment-3082
    https://janetfontana.com/promoting-positive-change-vision-boards/?unapproved=26109&moderation-hash=156f92ee8b4bb2969edac13107c2ff64#comment-26109
    http://styleanddirtshop.sk/produkt/blackorange-zimna-ciapka/?unapproved=36053&moderation-hash=f805aa72415d7cb0e30c62a0b6018f2e#comment-36053
    https://hippofm.nl/hello-world/?unapproved=1051&moderation-hash=2e6fd4a9353281e707ab430ae9636ff8#comment-1051
    http://www.prognosegmbh.de/de/portfolio/produktionsbilder/img_3589/?unapproved=19488&moderation-hash=59a37bd50702f72e17b3484b8aa0ab8c#comment-19488
    http://gmbcsolutions.com/2015/03/revolutionary-apps/?unapproved=4676&moderation-hash=83c4259c63b9dac5b0770df46d703e6f#comment-4676
    https://www.rain1.com/new-site/image-post-demo-b/?unapproved=15085&moderation-hash=667f965c3769d87bf607886cb981b484#comment-15085
    http://www.berguedaonline.com/9-de-cada-10-berguedans-critiquen-a-internet-sense-tenir-ni-puta-idea-del-que-parlen/?unapproved=238184&moderation-hash=998578cff0d5c63c812ebeca284eb5f0#comment-238184
    https://nativeamericanworld.net/shop/ecuador-manta-alegrando-el-alma/?unapproved=94970&moderation-hash=9a9283f12369d0a23ff8f76680d27ff1#comment-94970
    http://consciouspetservice.com/should-all-cats-live-indoors?unapproved=16602&moderation-hash=654cd3344ab4f180acd328f4e4c55dbd#comment-16602
    http://immobilienblog.buerosuche.de/2010/10/22/fm-igm-tgm-kgm/?unapproved=21073&moderation-hash=a297428384178adb268a1632710c0d40#comment-21073
    http://www.doelencafe.nl/beste-scheerapparaten/?unapproved=1304&moderation-hash=823b1cf2ce2bc2706a80b9176db8f469#comment-1304
    https://www.phiston.com/blog/index.php/satisfy-nsa-hard-drive-crusher/?unapproved=662584&moderation-hash=5fa67cdabd96df958d474a96a4249023#comment-662584
    http://hottamale.net.au/i-love-food-awards-2014/?unapproved=26022&moderation-hash=21552f2ffce2d67a6618389315cc9fa1#comment-26022
    http://allindialyrics.com/mira-mira-meesam-song-lyrics-katamarayudu/?unapproved=516870&moderation-hash=2182e4633602356e88868fe10f20958f#comment-516870
    http://of3m.webs.upv.es/?unapproved=59292&moderation-hash=51fdf18be8e23be8c61b13dd2ac380cf#comment-59292
    http://the-gentleman-dude.com/?unapproved=48491&moderation-hash=b694b7a6d0af3230b071b155eafc21d5#comment-48491
    http://owlcafealbuquerque.com/another-test-post/?unapproved=11396&moderation-hash=f859b66821d54a822052d84edaed63ac#comment-11396
    http://investireincripto.com/creare-un-wallet-guida-ethereum-myetherwallet/?unapproved=176071&moderation-hash=c9e91b396965b20535acd06273ea70b7#comment-176071
    http://culinarymednyc.com/2015/10/a-perfect-portion/?unapproved=33405&moderation-hash=916fb041d7673c26cf096a9f7651e197#comment-33405
    https://apexdevforce.com/fedora-gnome-3-show-desktop-items/?unapproved=9842&moderation-hash=02ce2ee062c625696aca5503ae4ba7b8#comment-9842
    https://mayhanque.com/2017/12/28/may-han-dien-va-thiet-bi-phu-tro/?unapproved=5267&moderation-hash=b99e332c6c25335914e021d0f44e3653#comment-5267
    https://shop.animalpetitions.org/1001/just-a-cool-blog-post-with-images/?unapproved=214608&moderation-hash=7644ddea61b0f4e25e2db1c6e6e45178#comment-214608
    http://www.eddiestarksjr.com/hello-world/?unapproved=988&moderation-hash=31d15c1db1ba9093c54e540f2283d038#comment-988
    http://caresens.co/faq/?unapproved=17886&moderation-hash=79d3a4a808412cee42b8065ebb54380b#comment-17886
    http://946tanchou-aigokai.com/couple/?unapproved=187223&moderation-hash=10284b1c1a4bd41b8bc0c265869af5c4#comment-187223
    http://avajunepowers.com/2017/12/blogmas-day-4-website-remodel/?unapproved=49638&moderation-hash=744077dfb97a56496c9b2e393e67995b#comment-49638
    https://bodytransformationspecialists.com/character/?unapproved=101610&moderation-hash=15da381029126afc1a59dbee26ad3089#comment-101610
    http://www.turnipgreencreativereuse.org/paper-in-particular/?unapproved=10775&moderation-hash=4302370c6c2187976192dd345a34c13b#comment-10775
    http://proyectosperuanos.com/carne_de_cuy/?unapproved=50248&moderation-hash=9b996bae78ff9dc8f01805bde5a57863#comment-50248
    http://thinkyoudo.com/dynamus1/?unapproved=24419&moderation-hash=a796654aa944041fd9bd8e65c15e2353#comment-24419
    http://citron.solutions/about-us/?unapproved=8782&moderation-hash=d5a5876927ec62daaf411236340e524a#comment-8782
    http://www.drugtreatmentcentersindianapolis.com/pregnancy-and-addiction/?unapproved=82330&moderation-hash=0356c475ec1b4e286a9cb69f7bda37c6#comment-82330
    https://memguimel.es/haketiayladino/las-3-micro-perlas-sefaradies/?unapproved=24230&moderation-hash=a52d9bd845b9a2e4470ec8e65d031cc9#comment-24230
    https://gospins.ru/?unapproved=815&moderation-hash=8a0787a08d372b35c8ff3e1b80281dcb#comment-815
    http://webmamka.ru/rebenok-ne-kakaet/?unapproved=18421&moderation-hash=2a5d1db3e2db5b8e5167ffdf98a57f58#comment-18421
    http://jakedartington.co.uk/2011/04/12/london-and-manchester/?unapproved=28317&moderation-hash=328b74b204bb6b02308510aef8a522c3#comment-28317
    http://lock12music.com/product/uknfl06-ukulele-chicago-bears-nfl-3/?unapproved=33749&moderation-hash=72f8e7b0fad531bd882235261c086cac#comment-33749
    https://edpl.ehe.osu.edu/2011/04/28/privatization-2/?unapproved=24427&moderation-hash=b3f65fe32c0862729bcc81a2884205b7#comment-24427
    http://kangen-nature.fr/2018/01/25/eau-alcaline-en-alsace/?unapproved=159193&moderation-hash=a09e9984a64a6884039d534af40eceae#comment-159193
    http://travelopedia.com/destinations/singapore-hub-new-world-east/?unapproved=102787&moderation-hash=ec1eac9374bcb57ce19c420c0ce22fd5#comment-102787
    http://whatsapp-plus.news/2019/07/23/%d8%a3%d9%87%d9%84%d8%a7-%d8%a8%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%b9%d8%a7%d9%84%d9%85/?unapproved=577&moderation-hash=fcc9950b644231f805ed3dfbc4bd0f46#comment-577
    http://evps.ee/?unapproved=19809&moderation-hash=9d156abc33162a87b66eaef72896f38a#comment-19809
    https://ikincielmutfakmalzemesi.com/?unapproved=7015&moderation-hash=6e193876422143e5f171a4008e5ac77b#comment-7015
    http://vivirbonito.co/hello-world/?unapproved=21738&moderation-hash=94452c8586593b6e916cb412191c2ca7#comment-21738
    http://transporteismaelsac.com/conoce-los-hoteles-mas-lujosos-del-peru/?unapproved=312&moderation-hash=721ef438bea4c6448e96731301726ad4#comment-312
    https://audiovaultusa.com/list-of-vintage-audio-brands/?unapproved=2261&moderation-hash=4d68ec3440c779271396362ac7ea90c1#comment-2261
    https://oh.ncfr.org/2016/09/28/call-for-nominations/?unapproved=6746&moderation-hash=3accd5dffed927830468ce02c10d5204#comment-6746
    http://organicimams.org/2013/12/03/sedial-eiusmod-tempor/?unapproved=25643&moderation-hash=99e5b54bbd7fc3bb68e12729532ae745#comment-25643
    http://eloundmanu.ch/gastebuch/?unapproved=16189&moderation-hash=f62731b17aaee953e59d6124965f89a6#comment-16189
    http://trgovina.lasek.si/11425292-1274472904062598/?unapproved=1727&moderation-hash=7afe1db03706702687990a67996247d9#comment-1727
    https://www.ludimath.fr/2017/09/3-idees-dactivites-top-occuper-enfants/?unapproved=15073&moderation-hash=b37cf70ce91746cd04cda6646bc53e05#comment-15073
    http://vbvh.dk/video/hornbaek-sf-soerumsand-if-n-4-0/?unapproved=3265&moderation-hash=bed6163305bd453ca2d140dfd8960795#comment-3265
    http://kooocompany.com/archives/441?unapproved=4572&moderation-hash=3142b5f0a7e8effbb26acf3f29616e7b#comment-4572
    http://onefootthentheother.com/non-violent-views/?unapproved=35544&moderation-hash=1655d7cf84f043929c3e9c9a0b39ec86#comment-35544
    http://www.skyvineyards.com/sky/press-about-sky-vineyards/comment-page-1/?unapproved=37473&moderation-hash=a429d49bb88f16e7041ad0e29ac16a77#comment-37473
    http://escenografia.esadgalicia.com/estampa-2013?unapproved=13758&moderation-hash=849b7f0c7eb32a1d4fa71941cca02d15#comment-13758
    http://magly.se/?unapproved=4223&moderation-hash=cd6ac7c90c76be8450dd7af25aae4e0e#comment-4223
    http://galeriabrwinow.pl/group-1-png/?unapproved=2290&moderation-hash=96835d5a4bea22a00db0d745a1f4f86f#comment-2290
    http://bitacora.ajau.org.mx/ajau-en-ciencia-hasta-la-cocina/?unapproved=3206&moderation-hash=e325469b9f3457e384810fec369da776#comment-3206
    http://fre3dom.net/free-to-grow/?unapproved=4840&moderation-hash=603deaa3d722b7e8a7f781627fda2965#comment-4840
    http://levitatenow.com/basics-how-to-write-a-press-release/?unapproved=9472&moderation-hash=59d00d7d17bf7f45543424211dbca7e5#comment-9472
    http://oknovmadrid.ru/bosch6/?unapproved=2709&moderation-hash=5a92f721a1e406421ed67f3d267e6fd1#comment-2709
    https://blog.myagi.com/experiential-retail-summer-to-savour-for-john-lewis/?unapproved=6032&moderation-hash=c980dd789b88910d594e96febdd8d946#comment-6032
    https://abetteryou.com.au/kids-health/?unapproved=9391&moderation-hash=58b814798e295378fa8dce1d0fcc4264#comment-9391
    http://oskarzenieprywatne.pl/dowody-w-postepowaniu-prywatnoskargowym/?unapproved=14665&moderation-hash=df9774731988612282a87163c95af6e6#comment-14665
    https://ganeshawholefoods.co.uk/blog/offers/coconut-oil?unapproved=21464&moderation-hash=6355ff79771ddebacddbb957c4cf19cf#comment-21464
    http://amanaconseils.com/index.php/sample-data/item/121-a-propos
    http://abasystech.com/event-3/?unapproved=36631&moderation-hash=177478bb3cc8553a109c166a7e7252c2#comment-36631
    http://aitf.ie/2017/09/18/aitf-squad-session-170917/?unapproved=47539&moderation-hash=8a723ebff892db3447924391bed79341#comment-47539
    http://www.foldedhillsfarm.ca/coming-soon/?unapproved=20472&moderation-hash=6843822a5ef414f5528341c8412ab944#comment-20472
    http://ekosulistio.com/4-tips-marketing-online-untuk-ukm-bisnis-kecil/?unapproved=19065&moderation-hash=c47e14580cff29e736b14be88d38832f#comment-19065
    http://clairejia.com/yeah-so-im-in-paris-but-what-happens-in-ep3?unapproved=9421&moderation-hash=19774b3014158202105143f30fb471a3#comment-9421
    https://www.ampinfo.co.uk/facebook-security-breach-time-to-update-your-password/?unapproved=731&moderation-hash=e0ff8867fa24072c1455fd8e58cd9282#comment-731
    http://noesistz.com/hello-world/?unapproved=25233&moderation-hash=37edd3ad22601411f1d95399c8b46144#comment-25233
    http://www.smittradingentransport.nl/430-kf/?unapproved=11775&moderation-hash=9cda174e28bdbf771a83a62d7f42f56c#comment-11775
    https://trendingturkey.com/prof-dr-nihat-hatipoguluna-rektorluk-gorevi/?unapproved=688&moderation-hash=1be8edfdb95a50c59074ed70877d374f#comment-688
    http://www.qualityofspain.com/top-exotic-destinations-in-asia/?unapproved=2171&moderation-hash=d9d790bd3ed80b990a7edbe8e152be65#comment-2171
    https://www.magicvillage.london/listing/jino-design/?unapproved=3667&moderation-hash=73a6389a04dc1ecc7394b920f2efda6a#comment-3667
    http://stockswithhighdividends.com/2014/02/hello-world/?unapproved=19455&moderation-hash=bc68829691a2d42a9ddfc219ae50c960#comment-19455
    http://aadnanelkhaldi.com/gallery/press-et-media/?unapproved=28834&moderation-hash=827deec59a602eaadc2dfe0f9e4ff466#comment-28834
    http://shinymen.com/ahmed-akaichi-piste-vers-un-club-japonais/?unapproved=48268&moderation-hash=c415ec819f43eb011d8a460f27c02e5d#comment-48268
    https://tophault.com/lifestyle/winter-is-here/?unapproved=1093&moderation-hash=b61bb865c9169f7a3175230ea665ee20#comment-1093
    http://www.sushilpani.com/one-sim-all-recharge/?unapproved=20424&moderation-hash=74750a7f9dc048640d699c500feab4e1#comment-20424
    http://marketing4s.co.uk/2019/02/the-emergence-of-social-app-tiktok/?unapproved=890&moderation-hash=6b3189386e074620d947be60b17687c9#comment-890
    https://www.tigisoftware.com/default/?page_id=78&unapproved=10588&moderation-hash=01fe679c00f4656afd653d144d542432#comment-10588
    https://surf2skool.com/surf-groms-next-week/?unapproved=5663&moderation-hash=6189648ad40f891c3284e9ce3bcbb228#comment-5663
    http://quiltingbykyrie.com/hello-world/?unapproved=9513&moderation-hash=2e8082112f951a5fa44e16b6ed680fd8#comment-9513
    http://mahjong.no/2015/07/28/hello-world/?unapproved=5268&moderation-hash=02504e22f481b25b58f26c4edc7188a5#comment-5268
    https://igastronomica.com.co/home/product/mbf8005/?unapproved=10615&moderation-hash=ef73125c774dc63ef927ed397dce741b#comment-10615
    http://www.lovecoachjourney.com/swingset/?unapproved=108545&moderation-hash=f13da2eadd75269eb18849a4ea64d4fb#comment-108545
    http://www.housinglist.eu/index.php/2015/08/12/hello-world/?unapproved=20702&moderation-hash=82727603567ad15f4c6a3b9c7880d389#comment-20702
    http://13thnote.co.uk/food?unapproved=26016&moderation-hash=fc1ff5eaffe4dae224a7413c0c661a85#comment-26016
    http://www.le-happy.com/moonlight-path/?unapproved=1638002&moderation-hash=69b8430631d4a564f7f092622b847cac#comment-1638002
    http://eros.al/product/boxer-exclusiva-mango-launch-talla-xl/?unapproved=3118&moderation-hash=17651f26b7bc4319f87320f52e7b86fb#comment-3118
    http://ubfm.net/more-than-a-meal/?unapproved=126807&moderation-hash=86958730d7a0398c054f71687d74a95c#comment-126807

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *